Meerwein 试剂

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·        概要

三甲基氧鎓四氟硼酸盐 (Me3OBF4)或是三乙基氧鎓四氟硼酸盐 (Et3OBF4)被称为Meerwein试剂。这是一个十分hard的试剂,所以即使是醇或者胺也能被它甲基化(或乙基化)

烷基化反应性强弱按照以下顺序排列。

Me2Cl(SbF6) > (MeO)2CHBF4> Me3OBF4> Et3OBF4> MeOTf >MeSO2F > (MeO)2SO2> MeI



·        基本文献

Meerwein, H.; Hinz, G.; Hofmann, G.;Kroning, E.; Pfeil, E.J. Prakt. Chem.1937,147, 257.
Meerwein, H. Org.Synth.1973,5, 1080.
Curphey, T. J. Org.Synth.1971,51, 142.

·        反应实例

Camptothecin的合成[1]:杂环骨架的构建。

根据反应条件可以调节其化学选择性。[2]


·        参考文献

[1] Fortunak J. TetrahedronLett.1996,37, 5679. doi:10.1016/0040-4039(96)01204-X
[2] (a) Meerwein, H.; Borner, P.; Fuchs, O.; Sasse, H. J.; Schrodt, H.; Spille,J.
 Chem. Ber.1956,89, 2060.
(b) Chen, F. M. F.; Benoiton, N. L.
Can. J. Chem.1977,5, 1433.



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